When an injury to the spinal cord occurs the flow of information from that point down is impeded or stopped. This interferes with instructions to the arms, legs, and other parts of the body and can prevent the individual from moving, sometimes breathing, and obstructs or stops any sense of feeling or touch .
Injuries to the spinal cord can be damaged in many ways most common being vehicle accidents although there are many other ways falls, sports injuries, and violence being some of them.
Spinal cord injuries are described at various levels of “incomplete”, which can vary from having no effect on the patient to a “complete” injury which means a total loss of function
The spinal column (or vertebral column) extends from the skull to the pelvis and is made up of 33 individual bones termed vertebrae. The vertebrae are stacked on top of each other group into four regions
The cervical, or the neck section of the spine, consists of seven vertebrae known as C1 to C7. The top vertebra is connected to the base of the skull The thoracic section of the spine is located at chest level, between the cervical and the lumbar vertebrae. The 12 thoracic vertebrae are known as T1 to T12, they also serve as attachment for the rib cage The lumbar section of the spine is located between the thoracic vertebrae and the sacrum. The 5 vertebrae L1 to L5, are the main weight bearing section of the spine Near the base of the spine is the sacrum. It consists of 5 fused vertebrae, levels S1 to S5. It does not have disks separating the bones. The sacrum forms the rear wall of the pelvis The coccyx is located at the base of the spine (also called the tailbone) and is composed of four fused vertebrae.